Logging Info

There are three basic types of loggers: independent loggers, company loggers, and contract loggers. Independent loggers buy timber, sometimes referred to as stumpage, cut the timber, and market the logs. In some cases, sawmills may finance the independent logger's purchase of timber. Generally, independent loggers work within a specific area and have limited exposure to sawmills out of the area that will pay higher prices for timber. Company loggers are logging crews employed by sawmills. They are normally a separate division of the sawmill. However, this is becoming less common due to the high overhead of having employees. More and more contract loggers are being used. Contract loggers often only work for one or two mills or large timber land owners and donít market logs. They make their living at just logging.

Whatever type of logger is used, it is important to make sure and obtain a copy of their insurance policy to protect the landowner in case of accident. In Washington and Oregon the land owner is required to notify the state of any intent to harvesting timber. Access to the logging area from a public road is needed. This can require the construction of haul roads, and landings as well as road use permits or easements. Timber harvesting begins when trees are cut down. This is known as felling. These felled trees are then de-limbed and bucked (cross cut) into log lengths. Logs are extremely heavy and difficult to move. For example, a log containing 150 board feet log scale will weigh about one ton. Therefore, moving of the log from the stump to the landing area is a difficult task. This process is called skidding and is ordinarily accomplished by attaching a cable or chain to one end of the log and dragging it by means of a bulldozer or rubber-tired skidder to the landing area which is accessible to trucks. On steep ground, towers are used to bring the logs to the landing area. Substantial planning is necessary in logging due to various factors such as topography, size of timber, skidding distance, etc. Loggers bring in mixed loads of different sizes, species, and grades to the landing. At the landing area, the logs are sorted by graded and species.

Timber Tomorrow can oversee the logging project to make sure that the logger is insured, the required notices are filed, and access is granted. We also pride ourselves on fully utilizing the logs to bring the most value to the land owner, and minimizing environmental disturbance.

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